The differences between nuclear reactions and chemical reactions are given below.
Difference Between Nuclear Reaction and Chemical Reaction
|S.N.||Nuclear Reaction||Chemical Reaction|
|1.||Such reactions lead to nuclear transmutation producing a new nucleus, generally accompanied by the emission of particles.||In these reactions, nuclei remain unchanged. The only rearrangement in the outer electronic configuration of the reacting atoms occurs.|
|2.||Projectiles used for such reactions should be sufficient energy to overcome the potential barrier of the target nucleus.||Chemical reactions occur when the reactants are mixed under proper conditions (Temperature, Pressure, catalyst, etc.)|
|3.||Nuclear reactions are independent of environmental conditions ( Temperature, Pressure, etc.)||They are influenced by temperature, pressure, catalyst, etc.|
|4.||Nuclear reactions are irreversible.||Most of the chemical reactions are reversible.|
|5.||There occurs mass defect, and this corresponds to the release of the higher amount of energy.||There is no mass defect; however, such reactions are either endothermic or exothermic, corresponding to the bond breaking and formation.|
|6.||A nuclear reaction can be represented by an equation balanced with mass no. and atomic number.|
14N7 + 1n0 → 14C7 + 1H1
|A chemical reaction can also be represented by an equation balanced with respect to the number of atoms, e.g. |
N2 + 3H2 = 2NH3
Please write within the comment box below if you have any queries on the Difference Between Nuclear Reaction and Chemical Reaction.